Costs for IVF treatment vary between countries but it can sometimes be difficult to calculate a finished or final price as fertility clinics employ different methods to advertise their fees. Costs for IVF may be listed in the form of a package price or listed individually by treatments costs and medication costs.
When you begin to search for an appropriate treatment provider you must ensure that you don’t get a nasty surprise in the form of unexpected bills once you begin your treatment plan. At the beginning of your first consultation agree with your doctor and centre staff what services are included in the IVF process and ask whether any payment options are offered.
In this article, we examine what costs for IVF treatment are offered by different countries in Europe.
Factors that Can Influence on the Cost of IVF Treatment
The cost of an IVF treatment involves many different components. Unlike other medical interventions which involve a single activity infertility treatments are complex processes which involve series of interrelated activities which attract different fees. These activities and services such as the initial consultation, blood tests, ultrasound monitoring, fertility drugs, the actual IVF process, embryo transfers. pregnancy testing, cryopreservation and potentially storage fees all attract additional costs. For those without fertility insurance coverage IVF costs will have to be borne from your own pocket and these costs can be quite considerable.
Other factors that can influence and increase costs for IVF is the actual choice of the treatment itself. If, for example, treatment involves donor egg or donor sperm there will extra costs and costs between IUI and conventional in vitro fertilization varies. So too do procedures such as hatching, ultrasound monitoring, additional blood tests and anaesthesia. Additionally, access to specialists like counsellors and complementary therapists may not be included in quoted costs for IVF. If you are advised or choose additional procedures such as assisted hatching or Preimplantation Genetic Screening there will be cost implications.
The package price quoted by fertility clinics may not include medication costs, storage fees after cryopreservation, or any additional treatments caused by unforeseen fertility issues. Payment options and fees may also include a refund programme which is triggered if couples are successful and the IVF process results in a child and parenthood.
Your choice of fertility clinics will also affect the costs for IVF treatment as each will vary in price and there are the additional logistical costs of visiting particular locations. For instance, your visit may incur transport and accommodation costs which need to factored in. The fertility centre you choose may also add on further costs if you have access to technologies that are particularly innovative such as unique donor matching methods. In general, however, the cost of an IVF provided by fertility clinics will usually cover all the expenses associated with specialists such as the endocrinologist and embryologists who carry out the treatment plan, the IVF process including embryo transfers and all other protocol.
The in vitro fertilization outcome will not be based on the costs for IVF treatment. At your first consultation with the doctor ask questions about success rates, the ratio of attempts to parenthood and clarify any package price to ensure there is no surprise in the IVF process from the consultation to the pregnancy testing and parenthood. Finally, do remember to ask whether there is any fertility insurance coverage available; whether fertility drugs and medication costs are included and if the fertility centre offers any payment options to allow you to pay the costs for IVF in a flexible manner.
In summary, the top five factors that can influence the costs of IVF treatment;
- The treatment plan and type of procedure i.e., IUI or conventional in vitro fertilization
- The package price i.e., does it include medication costs, blood tests, ultrasound monitoring, etc.
- The payment options i.e., does the fertility centre offer a refund or fertility insurance coverage
- The success rates offered by the fertility centre
- Additional fertility specialist help from counsellors, complementary therapists and so on
The Total Cost of One IVF Treatment
When we talk about the cost of an IVF in this article we refer to the cost of one cycle which is quoted by the individual fertility centre. We highlight where possible additional fees which could be charged – we recommend that you put any questions relating to cost directly to each centre to avoid any unnecessary surprise fees or conditions attached to the package price you are given.
Costs for IVF treatment vary between countries and the total cost quoted may not include essentials such as the first consultation with specialists; any preparatory procedures such as blood tests and ultrasound monitoring based on the protocol of the fertility centre, medication costs, additional embryo transfers, cryopreservation, and storage fees.
If the fertility centre does offer a refund programme or fertility insurance coverage it may be that ‘One IVF treatment’ may involve a number of infertility treatments until there is a successful outcome – the number of treatments will depend on the package plan offered by the fertility centre and this should be one of the questions you ask your fertility specialist at your first consultation.
Additional Costs For IVF
In an ideal world, all fertility clinics would list their costs for IVF treatment in a single, inclusive package price which would list a treatment plan and a full fertility care protocol. This is not the case unfortunately and patients need to do both research and ask specific questions to ascertain what is included in the costs for IVF and what additional costs might be incurred.
A lot of these extra costs aside from essential fees such as those associated with fertility drugs and medication costs have been termed ‘add-ons’. These include the use of technologies and targeted procedures which are designed to further increase outcome and success rates. ‘Add-ons’ can be a contentious issue as the efficacy of each depends on which clinic or specialists you speak to. We have listed a number of add-on treatments that clinics can offer as supplementary procedures;
- Assisted hatching
- Endometrial scratching
- Pre-implantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A)
- Reproductive immunology tests and treatment
- Sperm DNA damage
We recommend that you speak to your fertility centre to ascertain which, if any of the so-called add-ons are available or are recommended in your particular case.
The Average Cost of IVF
The average costs for IVF depend on the type of treatment you receive. Costs for IVF treatment can vary considerably so you will need to spend some time researching what you will receive for the fees you pay. If we look at actual cost per IVF cycle, the natural IVF procedure is the cheapest form of IVF. This procedure does not use more expensive drugs to stimulate the ovaries and collects fewer eggs and can cost an average of 2,000 euros per cycle. Whilst this procedure is more favourable for women to avoid the discomfort of ovarian stimulation it does take on average more cycles to achieve a positive outcome compared to a conventional IVF procedure.
A conventional IVF procedure using the patient’s own eggs is the middle ground in terms of treatment costs. The average cost of an IVF procedure with own eggs ranges from 2,500 euros through to 5,000 euros depending on the country in which the procedure is undertaken. These averages, however, do not ordinarily take into account the additional expense of medication costs which can increase the overall cost of an IVF by a further 20% in some cases.
Finally costs for IVF procedure which depends on the use of a donor is the most expensive cycle you will be charged by a fertility centre. Once again average costs will depend on clinic locations but as a rule of thumb average costs across Europe run from 1,500 euros through to around 7,000 euros inclusive of medication costs. Taking these average prices across Europe you can expect to pay the least for a donor IVF cycle in places like the Czech Republic, Poland and Ukraine and the most in countries like the U.K. with other countries like Spain in between the two.
In the following sections, we take a look at average costs for IVF treatment in different countries. The costs quoted do not include the cost of travel and accommodation if you were to travel to a fertility centre and ordinarily won’t include medication costs which add to the overall package price.
Cost of IVF in the UK
If you do not fit the conditions for the funded treatment via the NHS or your local clinical commissioning group does not offer funded treatment you can access treatment at one of the registered private clinics found in 178 locations around the country. In comparison to many European countries the cost of IVF in the UK is more expensive although a number of ‘budget’ providers have entered the UK over recent years which has reduced the average cost of treatments.
The lowest advertised costs for IVF in the UK at present hovers around £2,500 which is promoted as an ‘inclusive’ package price. Research by strategic insight agency Opinium recently found the average price a single cycle of IVF with own eggs was £3,348. However, this did not include medication costs and doctor consultations which can significantly drive up prices. The costs for IVF treatment involving an egg donor is much higher starting on average around £6,000. Once you add in medication costs, a consultation with a medical specialist and tests based on the clinic’s own protocol these costs can amount very quickly and even reach 15,000 pounds at ‘high end’ fertility clinics.
More information on IVF costs in the U.K. be found here.
Cost of IVF in Spain
Spain remains the most popular of all European destinations for patients travelling for fertility treatment and is the most popular detonation for travellers from the U.K. Today, it has over 300 registered treatment and gynaecological centres offering conventional and donor led infertility treatments.
As you would expect with that many treatment providers competition in terms of costs for IVF is fierce and there are considerable variations between fertility clinics. The average cost of an IVF procedure with own eggs starts around €5,000 and the average cost of an egg donation treatment is €7,000. Some clinics, however, offer an enhanced package price or refund schemes which can significantly increase the costs for IVF treatment whilst making some ‘guarantees’ about the outcome of treatment. More information on IVF costs in Spain can be found here.
Cost of IVF in Czech Republic
The Czech Republic has become one of the most popular destinations in Europe for the IVF patients because of excellent success rates, well proportioned clinics using the most advanced technologies and very competitive costs for IVF treatment. The forty or so fertility clinks in the country represent very good value for money with in vitro fertilization treatments ranging from 2,500 euros for conventional IVF to an average 3,800 euros for procedures involving an egg donor. When you add the medication costs which are reasonable compared to other European countries the average cost of infertility treatments in the country are very attractive.
The low cost of an IVF procedure in the Czech Republic is not an indication of lower quality care and treatment. In fact, the success rates are comparable to any advanced European country and the protocol offered by top specialists manages to achieve an excellent outcome for couples. Some of the good fertility clinics in the country also offer a package price and various refund and guarantee programmes. More information on IVF costs in the Czech Republic.
Cost of IVF in Greece
The liberal laws guiding fertility treatments in Greece have boosted the numbers of people travelling and undergoing treatment there over the last couple of decades. Fertility clinics have been established in the major cities and on some of the islands, and it is legal to treat couples, single women, lesbian couples (with certain legal paperwork) and women up to the age of 50.
The liberal laws and the increased number of patients who travel have made the Greek fertility market a very competitive one which has driven up success rates as clinics make use of available technologies and specialists have become more experienced. In turn, this has meant that the average cost of an IVF has reduced as competition has become more intense.
Whilst significant variations exist in costs for IVF treatment at different clinics the prices tend to sit between 3,200 euros at the lower end for IVF with own eggs up to around 7,000 euros for a donor egg programme. It must be, however, that travel, accommodation and additional costs for fertility drugs and therapeutic support are relatively low in Greece compared to some other European countries. Therefore the overall potential package price is very competitive. More information on IVF costs in Greece.
Cost of IVF in Cyprus
For the purposes of this article when we refer to Cyprus we talk about those fertility clinics which are situated in the North of the island. The island can be accessed by flights from the majority of European capitals and accommodation is plentiful and competitively priced. IVF treatments are allowed for heterosexual couples, single women and most clinics accept lesbian couples; there is no law guiding surrogacy so clinics can undertake embryo transfers from intended parents to surrogates.
The range of fertility treatments combined with good success rates, available package prices and payment options means that Cyprus is a very attractive proposition for many fertility travellers who can pay an average of 3,000 euros for a single IVF cycle with own eggs and 6,000 for a cycle using donor eggs. More information on IVF costs in Cyprus.
Cost of IVF in Turkey
Compared to many countries in this guide the legal framework which shaped IVF provision in Turkey is fairly prohibitive. in vitro fertilization treatments are not allowed for unmarried heterosexual or lesbian couples, and single women. Surrogacy, embryo, sperm and egg donations are not permissible.
The average costs for IVF treatment are therefore only applicable to married couples using their own eggs and sperm. These costs are extremely competitive, averaging 1,600 euros plus medication costs and fees associated with travel and accommodation. More information on IVFcosts in Turkey can be found here.
Cost of IVF in Estonia (h2)
There are three private fertility clinics in Estonia serving international patients. There has been highly regulated legislation governing fertility treatments in Estonia since 1997 and these have meant that the small number of clinics who are inspected regularly have developed into excellent examples of high-quality treatment providers.
Treatments are offered to married and unmarried heterosexual couples as well as single women clinics employ an upper age limit of 50 on women patients. Despite high success rates, average costs for IVF treatment remain on par with many other countries. An IVF cycle using own eggs can start around 2,000 euros with egg donation programmes beginning around the 6,000 euro mark. More information on IVF costs in Estonia can be found here.
Cost of IVF in Ukraine
Fertility clinics in Ukraine offer some of the cheapest costs for IVF across Europe and treatments cover many patients with the exclusion of those in same-sex relationships. There is no upper age limit, surrogacy is permitted, and anonymous sperm and donation programmes are offered.
The costs for IVF treatment can start as little as 1,500 euros for a single cycle with own eggs rising to just over 3,000 euros for a cycle with frozen donor eggs. There 30 clinics in the country and many will offer refund or guarantee programmes, a package price and help with accommodation and travel. More information on IVF costs in Ukraine.
Cost of IVF in Latvia
The relatively small country of Latvia has a population of 2 million and its network of seven private fertility clinics has established a reputation which is based around the delivery of very high levels of care. This reputation is responsible for the increasing numbers of fertility tourists from Scandinavia and Germany as well as the UK and France who are prepared to travel to the country for in vitro fertilization treatment.
The growing numbers of patients, however, combined with excellent feedback and success rates means that costs for IVF have increased in recent years. You now would expect to pay as much for infertility treatments in Latvia as you would in London. Treatment fees for a single IVF cycle with own eggs can vary between 3,500 and 6500 euros whilst egg donation programmes can cost anywhere between 5,000 and 8,000 euros. Add to these fees, fertility drugs, travel and accommodation and you see that Latvia is not one of the cheapest providers of in vitro fertilization. More information on IVF costs in Latvia.
Cost of IVF in Russia
There are well over 100 clinics based in the major cities of Moscow and St Petersburg who provide a range of in vitro fertilization treatments to international patients. Clinics provide treatments to married and unmarried heterosexual couples and single women but not to couples in same-sex relationships. Surrogacy is permitted and patients are offered both anonymous and non- anonymous donors.
Advanced technologies are available in Russia and clinics promote good success rates and employ specialists with extensive experience of fertility issues. The average cost of an IVF (single cycle) with own eggs starts at around 2,000 euros rising to 5,000 euros, and egg donor programmes run between 4,000 and 7,000 euros. More information on IVF costs in Russia can be found here.
Cost of IVF in Poland
Poland boasts one of the highest IVF success rates in Europe and is becoming very popular with international patients from many countries including the U.K. There are now around forty clinics in the country who provide infertility treatments to married or cohabitating heterosexual couples. Patients in same- sex relationships or single women are denied treatment.
The costs for IVF using own eggs can start at just over 3,000 euros whereas IVF with donor eggs can start as little as 4,000 euros plus fertility drugs. In line with other countries in Europe egg and sperm donors are anonymous. More information on IVF costs in Poland.
Cost of IVF in Slovakia
There are five private fertility clinics in Slovakia which offer infertility treatments which are regarded as good quality. Clinics are well equipped, utilize advanced technologies and employ specialists with a high degree of experience; embryologists are skilled in all aspects of the IVF process and fertility care is undertaken by a doctor team trained to promote parenthood.
The cost of an IVF in Slovakia is extremely competitive to that offered by other countries and starts as low as 1,200 euros for a single conventional IVF cycle with own eggs rising to around 4,500 euros for a treatment involving a egg donor. The fees would increase when medication costs are added or any extra procedures, or add-ons such hatching, endometrial scratching or pre-implantation genetic testing. More information on IVF costs in Slovakia.
IVF Costs In Summary
The average cost of an IVF cycle in Europe varies as you would imagine. A point to remember is that higher prices don’t necessarily mean higher success rates and low prices equate to lower success rates. Take care in your research to identify what is included in any package price; consider whether you require any additional treatments over and above that package and don’t forget associated costs such as those around travel and accommodation. The cost of fertility drugs can increase the cost of an IVF procedure substantially therefore it is wise to enquire about these costs before committing yourself to a particular fertility center.
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